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### Question

What is the difference between the simple interest and compound interest at the rate of 12% for 1 year? The compounding is half-yearly, and the principal is Rs. 60000.

**A**

Rs. 216.

**B**

Rs. 316.

**C**

Rs. 116.

**D**

Rs. 416.

**Soln.**

**Ans: a**

The simple interest SI = (P × r)/100 = (60000 × 12)/100 = Rs. 7200. Compound interest will have half interest rate and n = 2. By shortcut formula, we have CI = ${P × R × (R + 200)}/10000$ = ${60000 × 6 × (6 + 200)}/10000$ = Rs. 7416. The difference = Rs. 216.